Kolkata formerly known as Calcutta, situated on the eastern banks of River Hoogly or the Bhagirathi-Hooghly or Ganga. Kolkata is a city of art, culture, tourism, and entertainment. Recognised as a cultural capital of India, the city has been the birthplace for world-renowned poets, writers, film producers and Nobel Prize winners for generations. It is the third most populated city in the country. Kolkata is an important tourist destination in India. Our Top 10 places to visit in Kolkata.
1. Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial was built in the memory of British Queen Victoria after her death in 1902. It was built between 1906 to 1920. It is a museum which housed a lot of artifacts, paintings, lithographs, and antiques. The building is built in the Indo-Saracenic revivalist style of architecture There are 25 galleries in total and is one of the important tourist spots in Kolkata. The memorial is huge in size and houses beautiful gardens which are spread over an area of 64 acres.
2. Howrah Bridge
Also, known as Rabindra Setu, Howrah Bridge crosses over river Hooghly. Built back in 1943 under the British Raj, Howrah Bridge is one of the finest examples of engineering till date. This is one of the busiest bridges of the world. A walk or drive on this bridge is a must do activity.
3. Pauls’s Cathedral:
This cathedral was built in 19th century in Indo-gothic architectural style and designed to meet the climatic conditions of India. The cornerstone was laid in 1839 and was completed in 1847. It is said to be the largest cathedral in Kolkata and the first Episcopal Church in Asia and the first cathedral built in the overseas territory of British Empire.
4. Jorasanko Thakurbari (House of Thakurs)
The name can be literally translated as House of Thakur. It is the house in which the poet and first non-European Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore (freedom fighter and writer of National Anthem for many countries including India were born. It is also the place where he spent most of his childhood and died on 7 August 1941. The museum is dedicated to the life and works of Tagore.
5. Park Street
Park Street is also called Food Street. This street never sleeps, you can always find vendors and restaurants open in this street. The street is one of the major attractions in Kolkata and is visited by a huge number of tourists and locals.
6. Indian Museum
The Indian Museum is the oldest and largest in the country built in 1814 by Dr. Nathaniel Wallich. The museum unveils a collection of antiques, Mughal art, and paintings, ornaments, and artifacts. The museum was open to general public in the year 1878. The museum is divided into six main sections as Zoology, Geology, Archeology, Industry, Anthropology, and Art and has over 60 galleries.
7. The Writers Building:
It used to be the secretariat building during the British Rule, originally served as the office of writers of the British East India Company. Designed by Thomas Lyon in 1777. Today the Building is house to the Secretariat of West Bengal Government. It is a massive red color building situated at the BBD Bagh area of Kolkata which is the heart of the city.
8. Marble Palace
The palace was also known as the “Palace of Art”. It was built in 1835 and was a private possession of Zamindar Raja Rajendro Mullick. This is a mansion that is built in neoclassical style. The palace showcases art forms from Netherlands, Italy, England and other European Countries. The palace has idols of Buddha, Christ, Christopher Columbus, Virgin Mary and various Hindu Gods. The museum contains arts from various parts of the world.
9. Dakshineshwar Kali Temple
This temple is dedicated to the ferocious goddess of Hindus, Kali. The temple was built in the 19th century. The founder of this temple is Rasmani, the queen of Janbazar. The temple is spread over 25 acres of land including the temple premises and the surrounding gardens.
10. Fort William
This fort was built in 18th century for the victory of Sir Robert Clive over David Ochterlony at Palassey. The Fort is named after King William III Of England. The fort has a large garden surrounding it also known is maidan. Inside the fort, you would find a church, boxing stadium, telegraph office, post office, firing range, football ground, swimming pool, and a cinema theatre.
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